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Kilian, S., Du Plessis, S., Fouche, J-P., …Asmal, L. (2022). Differences in white matter microstructure in first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders vs healthy volunteers and their association with cognition. Schizophrenia Research, 250, 196-202.

Van Den Heuvel, LL., Suliman, S., Brocker, E., Kilian, S.,…Seedat, S. (2022). The association between hair cortisol levels, inflammation and cognitive functioning in females. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 136, 105619.


Smit, AM., Kilian, S., Emsley, R.,…Asmal, L. (2021). Associations of premorbid adjustment with type and timing of childhood trauma in First-episode Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders. South African Journal of Psychiatry, 27(1).


Kilian, S., Asmal, L., Phahladira, L.,…Emsley, R. (2020). The association between childhood trauma and treatment outcomes in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Psychiatry Research, 289, 113004.

Wambua, N., Kilian, S., Ntlantsana, V., Chiliza, B. (2020). The association between resilience and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 293, 113374.


Du Plessis, S., Scheffler, F., Luckhoff, H., Asmal, L., Kilian, S., Phahladira, L., Emsley, R. (2020). Childhood trauma and hippocampal subfield volumes in first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls. Schizophrenia Research, 215, 308-313.


Kilian, S., Swartz, S., Xanthe, H., Benjamin, E., Chiliza, B. (2019). When roles within interpreter-mediated psychiatric consultations speak louder than words. Transcultural Psychiatry (in press).


Asmal, L., Kilian, S…Emsley, R. (2019). Childhood trauma associated with white matter abnormalities in first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 45(2), 369-376.


Luckhoff H, Phahladira L, Scheffler F, Asmal L, Chiliza B, Killian S, Seedat S, Emsley R. (2019). Weight gain and metabolic changes as predictors of symptom improvement in first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder patients treated over 12 months. Schizophrenia Research, 206,171-176.


Phahladira, L., Asmal, L., Kilian, S., Chiliza, B., Scheffler, F., Luckhoff, H., Du Plessis, S., Emsley, R. (2019). Changes in insight over the first 24 months of treatment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Research, 206, 394-399.


Emsley, R., Kilian, S. (2018). Efficacy and safety profile of paliperidone palmitate injections in the management of patients with schizophrenia: an evidence-based review. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 14, 205-223.


Scheffler, F., Kilian, S., Chiliza, B., Asmal, L., Phahladira, L., Du Plessis, S., Kidd, M., Murray, RM., Di Forti, M., Seedat, S., Emsley, R. (2018). Effects of cannabis use on body mass, fasting glucose and lipids during the first 12 months of treatment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Research, 199, 90-95.


Schoemaker, J., Kilian, S., Emsley, R. Vingerhoets, A. Factors associated with placebo response in depression trials: A systematic review of published meta-analyses (1990-2017). (2018). Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research, 30, 12-21.


Kilian S, Asmal L, Chiliza B, Olivier MR, Phahladira L, Scheffler F, Seedat S, Marder SR, Green MF, Emsley R. (2017). Childhood adversity and cognitive function in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy controls: evidence for an association between neglect and social cognition. Psychol Med, 22, 1-8.


Olivier RM, Kilian S, Chiliza B, Asmal L, Oosthuizen P, Kidd M, Emsley R. (2017). Cognitive-perceptual deficits and symptom correlates in first-episode schizophrenia. South African Journal of Psychiatry, 23,1049.


Emsley R, Asmal L, du Plessis S, Chiliza B, Phahladira L, Kilian S. (2017). Brain volume changes over the first year of treatment in schizophrenia: Relationships to antipsychotic treatment. Psychological Medicine, 47(12), 2187-2196.


Kilian, S., Burns, J., Seedat, S, et al. (2017). Factors Moderating the Relationship Between Childhood Trauma and Premorbid Adjustment in First-Episode Schizophrenia. PLoS ONE.


Emsley, R., Chiliza, B., Asmal, L., Kilian, S et al. (2017). Neurological soft signs in first-episode schizophrenia: State- and trait-related relationships to psychopathology, cognition and antipsychotic medication effects. Schizophrenia Research, 188:144-150.


Asmal, L., Du Plessis, S., Vink, M., Chiliza, B., Kilian, S., Emsley, R. (2016). Symptom attribution and frontal cortical thickness in first-episode schizophrenia. Early intervention in psychiatry,


Kilian, S., Asmal, L., Goosen, A., Philandra, L., Chiliza, B., Emsley, R. (2015). Instruments measuring blunted affect in schizophrenia patients. PLOS ONE, 10(6), e0127740.


Chiliza, B., Asmal, L., Kilian, S., Phahladira, L., Emsley, R. (2015). Rate and predictors of non-response to first-line antipsychotic treatment in first-episode schizophrenia. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 30 (3), 173-182.


Abayomi, O., Amato, D., Bailey, C., Bitanihirwe, B., Bowen, L., Burshtein, S., Cullen, A., Fusté, M., Herrmann, A.P., Khodaie, B., Kilian, S., Lang, Q.A., Manning, E.E., Massuda, R., Nurjono, M., Sadiq, S., Sanchez-Gutierrez, T., Sheinbaum, T., Shivakumar, V., Simon, N., Spiteri-Staines, A., Sirijit, S., Toftdahl, N.G., Wadehra, S., Wang, Y., Wigton, R., Wright, S., Yagoda, S., Zaytseva, Y., O'Shea, A., DeLisi. L.E. (2014). The 4th Schizophrenia International Research Society Conference, 5 –9 April 2014, Florence, Italy: A summary of topics and trends. 2014. Schizophrenia Research, 159, e1–e22.


Swartz, L., Kilian, S. (2014). The invisibility of informal interpreting in mental health care in South Africa: notes towards a contextual understanding. Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 38, 700-711.


Swartz, L., Kilian, S., Twesigye, J., Attah, D., & Chiliza, B. (2014). Language, culture, and task shifting--an emerging challenge for global mental health. Global Health Action, 27(7), 23433.


Kilian, S., Swartz, L., & Chiliza, B. (2014). The potential consequences of informal interpreting practices for assessment of patients in a South African psychiatric hospital. Social Science & Medicine, 106,159-67.


Gibson, D., & Kilian, S. (2013). The making of Sutherlandia as medicine. In Contested Ecologies. Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Hagan, S., Swartz, L., Kilian, S., Chiliza, B., Bisogno, P., & Joska, J. (2013). The accuracy of interpreting key psychiatric terms by ad hoc interpreters at a South African psychiatric hospital. African Journal of Psychiatry, 16(6), 424-429.


Smith, J., Swartz, L., Chiliza, B., & Kilian, S. (2013). Mediating words, mediating worlds: interpreting as hidden care work in a South African psychiatric hospital. Transcultural Psychiatry, 50, 493-514.


Kilian, S., Swartz, L., & Joska, J. (2010). Competence of interpreters in a South African psychiatric hospital in translating key psychiatric terms. Psychiatric Services, 61, 309-312.


Kilian, S., Suliman, S., Fakier, N., & Seedat, S. (2007). Rape survivors and the provision of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. SA Medical Journal, 97(8), 585-58

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